Lower back and hip pain during pregnancy oftens occurs at the sacroiliac joint (tail bone area). There are various reasons why this happens, some of which include:
- Weight gain- During a healthy pregnancy, women typically gain between 10-15kgs. Your spine must support this extra weight and as a result, can sometimes be over stressed and lead to lower back and/or hip pain. The weight of the growing baby and uterus can also put pressure on blood vessels and nerves in the pelvis and back, leading to nerve refferal symptoms and more commonly; sciatica.
- Posture changes- Pregnancy shifts your center of gravity. As a result, you may gradually — even without noticing — begin to adjust your posture and the way you move. This may also result in back pain.
- Hormone changes- During pregnancy, your body makes a hormone called relaxin that allows ligaments in the pelvic area to relax and the joints to become looser in preparation for the birthing process. The same hormone can cause ligaments that support the spine to loosen, leading to hip instability and pain.
- Muscle separation- As the uterus expands during pregnancy, it is not uncommon for some women to experience the separation that occurs at the abdominal muscles. This separation may also worsen back and/or hip pain.
The good news is, unless you suffered from chronic back/hip pain before pregnancy, your pain will likely ease gradually after you have given birth. But in the meantime, during your pregnancy, you may greatly benefit from receiving massage treatment to help alleviate the lower back/hip pain. Your massage therapist or myotherapist can provide relief through deep tissue massage, active stretching, trigger point massage and even dry needling. Education can be provided through core, glut and hip strengthening during pregnancy (as well as post) to help with the postural changes you will be experiencing.
Please note pregnancy massage can be provided at Balanced Bodies using the specialised pregnancy pillows which allow for women to lie comfortably on their stomachs, or in the side-lying position for maximum comfort during the later trimester. Pregnancy massage is typically recommended for women AFTER the first trimester where risks are normally minimised. All health concerns (previous and current) must be disclosed to your therapist before pregnancy treatment can commence.